Introduction: CD40 ligand has been suggested to play a pathogenic role in atherogenesis and coronary artery disease progression. Clinical studies suggest that intravenous (IV) abciximab administration attenuates the acute inflammatory response associated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The anti-inflammatory effects of intracoronary (IC) versus IV administration of abciximab have not been systematically investigated. We assessed changes in soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) concentrations in response to IC versus IV abciximab in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing thrombus-aspirating device during primary PCI.
Methods: Patients were randomized to receive IC (n=25) or IV (n=25) bolus abciximab followed in every case by a 12-h IV abciximab infusion. sCD40L was measured immediately before the administration of abciximab (baseline) and 60min post bolus administration.
Results: Clinical baseline and angiographic characteristics were similar in both patient groups. Similarly, there were no significant differences in baseline serum sCD40L levels in the IC group compared to IV group (116.6+/-42.13pg/mL vs 124.9+/-43.04pg/mL, P=0.49). At 60min post PCI, however, sCD40L levels decreased by 23% (P<0.001) in the IC group and by 11% (P<0.001) in the IV group. sCD40L levels 60min post PCI were significantly reduced, particularly in the IC group compared to the IV group (73.04+/-12.21pg/mL vs 99.92+/-25.89pg/mL, P<0.001).
Conclusion: In STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI, IC bolus administration of abciximab was associated with a larger reduction in sCD40L levels compared to standard IV bolus. Whether this more powerful anti-inflammatory effect of IC abciximab translates into improved clinical outcomes deserves investigation.