The Ym1/2 lectin is expressed abundantly in the allergic mouse lung in an IL-13-dependent manner. However, the role of Ym1/2 in the development of allergic airways disease is largely unknown. In this investigation, we show that treatment of mice with anti-Ym1/2 Ab during induction of allergic airways disease attenuated mediastinal lymph node production of IL-5 and IL-13. Ym1/2 was found to be expressed by dendritic cells (DCs) in an IL-13-dependent manner and supplementation of DC/CD4(+) T cell cocultures with Ym1/2 enhanced the ability of IL-13(-/-) DCs to stimulate the secretion of IL-5 and IL-13. Affinity chromatography identified 12/15(S)-lipoxygenase (12/15-LOX) as a Ym1/2-interacting protein and functional studies suggested that Ym1/2 promoted the ability of DCs to stimulate cytokine production by inhibiting 12/15-LOX-mediated catalysis of 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (12(S)-HETE). Treatment of DC/CD4(+) T cell cultures with the 12/15-LOX inhibitor baicalein enhanced, whereas 12(S)-HETE inhibited the production of Th2 cytokines. Notably, delivery of 12(S)-HETE to the airways of mice significantly attenuated the development of allergic airways inflammation and the production of IL-5 and IL-13. In summary, our results suggest that production of Ym1/2 in response to IL-13 promotes Th2 cytokine production and allergic airways inflammation by inhibiting the production of 12(S)-HETE by 12/15-LOX.