A variety of viral and cellular oncogenes have been described with differing mechanisms of action but with the common property of inducing morphologic alteration of cells in culture. Subclonal lines of oncogene expressing cells have been shown to produce tumors in vivo. Expression of the N-ras oncogene in embryo fibroblast NIH/3T3 cells has been demonstrated to increase radioresistance in vitro, and these results have been confirmed and extended to human cell lines expressing the c-raf oncogene. In the present report, we have examined the effects of expression of the c-fms, v-abl, or v-myc oncogene in a clonal hematopoietic progenitor cell line 32D cl 3. The 32D cell line is nonmalignant in vivo and is dependent upon a source of Interleukin-3 (IL-3) for growth in vitro. The radiation survival of 32D cl 3 cells transfected and expressed in the c-fms oncogene showed significant increase in the radioresistance at both 5 cGy/min and 116 cGy/min. A clone of 32D cl 3 transfected and expressing the v-myc oncogene demonstrated increased radioresistance at both dose rates. Results of split dose experiments suggested significant repair of sublethal irradiation damage of 32D-v-abl cells. Results were compared with expression of the same v-abl oncogene in the NIH/3T3 embryo fibroblast cell line. The data demonstrate that gamma irradiation resistance is significantly increased by each oncogene expressed in 32D cl 3 cells. The data on cell line 32D cl 3 may correlate with the radioresistance of v-abl expressing human hematopoietic cell malignancies treated by irradiation therapy.