The roles of ASK family proteins in stress responses and diseases

Cell Commun Signal. 2009 Apr 24;7:9. doi: 10.1186/1478-811X-7-9.


Apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) is a member of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase family, which activates c-Jun N-terminal kinase and p38 in response to a diverse array of stresses such as oxidative stress, endoplasmic reticulum stress and calcium influx. In the past decade, various regulatory mechanisms of ASK1 have been elucidated, including its oxidative stress-dependent activation. Recently, it has emerged that ASK family proteins play key roles in cancer, cardiovascular diseases and neurodegenerative diseases. In this review, we summarize the recent findings on ASK family proteins and their implications in various diseases.