cDNA and deduced amino acid sequence of a mouse DNA repair enzyme (APEX nuclease) with significant homology to Escherichia coli exonuclease III

J Biol Chem. 1991 Nov 5;266(31):20797-802.


We purified a mouse DNA repair enzyme having apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease, DNA 3'-phosphatase, 3'-5'-exonuclease and DNA 3' repair diesterase activities, and designated the enzyme as APEX nuclease. A cDNA clone for the enzyme was isolated from a mouse spleen cDNA library using probes of degenerate oligonucleotides deduced from the N-terminal amino acid sequence of the enzyme. The complete nucleotide sequence of the cDNA (1.3 kilobases) was determined. Northern hybridization using this cDNA showed that the size of its mRNA is about 1.5 kilobases. The complete amino acid sequence for the enzyme predicted from the nucleotide sequence of the cDNA (APEX nuclease cDNA) indicates that the enzyme consists of 316 amino acids with a calculated molecular weight of 35,400. The predicted sequence contains the partial amino acid sequences determined by a protein sequencer from the purified enzyme. The coding sequence of APEX nuclease was cloned into pUC18 SmaI and HindIII sites in the control frame of the lacZ promoter. The construct was introduced into BW2001 (xth-11, nfo-2) strain cells of Escherichia coli. The transformed cells expressed a 36.4-kDa polypeptide (the 316 amino acid sequence of APEX nuclease headed by the N-terminal decapeptide of beta-galactosidase) and were less sensitive to methyl methanesulfonate than the parent cells. The fusion product showed priming activity for DNA polymerase on bleomycin-damaged DNA and acid-depurinated DNA. The deduced amino acid sequence of mouse APEX nuclease exhibits a significant homology to those of exonuclease III of E. coli and ExoA protein of Streptococcus pneumoniae and an intensive homology with that of bovine AP endonuclease 1.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Carbon-Oxygen Lyases*
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • DNA / genetics
  • DNA Repair*
  • DNA-(Apurinic or Apyrimidinic Site) Lyase*
  • Deoxyribonucleases / chemistry
  • Endodeoxyribonucleases / chemistry
  • Endodeoxyribonucleases / genetics*
  • Endodeoxyribonucleases / metabolism
  • Exodeoxyribonucleases / chemistry
  • Exodeoxyribonucleases / genetics*
  • Exodeoxyribonucleases / metabolism
  • Gene Expression
  • Mice
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Multienzyme Complexes / chemistry
  • Multienzyme Complexes / genetics*
  • Multienzyme Complexes / metabolism
  • Oligonucleotides / chemistry
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Restriction Mapping
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae / enzymology


  • Multienzyme Complexes
  • Oligonucleotides
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • DNA
  • Deoxyribonucleases
  • Endodeoxyribonucleases
  • Exodeoxyribonucleases
  • exodeoxyribonuclease III
  • deoxyribonuclease A
  • Carbon-Oxygen Lyases
  • Apex1 protein, mouse
  • DNA-(Apurinic or Apyrimidinic Site) Lyase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/D90374
  • GENBANK/S61326
  • GENBANK/S61330
  • GENBANK/S61332
  • GENBANK/S61335
  • GENBANK/S61337
  • GENBANK/S61340
  • GENBANK/S61342
  • GENBANK/S61344
  • GENBANK/S65011