A chemical genetic method for generating bivalent inhibitors of protein kinases

J Am Chem Soc. 2009 May 20;131(19):6686-8. doi: 10.1021/ja900871y.


We report a new chemical genetic method for creating bivalent ligands of protein kinases. The kinase inhibitors that are generated with this methodology consist of two components: (1) a synthetic, small molecule that targets the ATP-binding cleft and (2) a peptidic ligand that enhances selectivity between kinases by targeting a secondary binding domain. A key feature of these bivalent inhibitors is that they are assembled on a protein scaffold with a chemoselective protein labeling technique. The utility of this methodology is demonstrated through the generation of a panel of protein-small molecule conjugates that simultaneously target the SH1 and SH3 domains of the closely related tyrosine kinases Src and Abl. The assembled bivalent ligands are significantly more potent inhibitors of Src and Abl than either modular component alone. Importantly, these protein-small molecule conjugates show a high degree of selectivity for their intended kinase target.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Binding Sites
  • Guanine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Guanine / chemistry
  • Ligands
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors / chemical synthesis*
  • Protein Kinases / chemistry*
  • Proteins / chemistry
  • Proteins / genetics*
  • src Homology Domains*


  • 8-oxo-O(6)-benzylguanine
  • Ligands
  • Protein Kinase Inhibitors
  • Proteins
  • Guanine
  • Protein Kinases