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, 102 (12), 126402

Phase Diagram of the Low-Density Two-Dimensional Homogeneous Electron Gas

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Phase Diagram of the Low-Density Two-Dimensional Homogeneous Electron Gas

N D Drummond et al. Phys Rev Lett.

Abstract

We use quantum Monte Carlo methods to calculate the zero-temperature phase diagram of the two-dimensional homogeneous electron gas. We find a transition from a paramagnetic fluid to an antiferromagnetic triangular Wigner crystal at density parameter r(s)=31(1) a.u. and a transition to a ferromagnetic crystal at r(s)=38(5) a.u. The fully spin-polarized fluid is never stable. We search for, but do not find, the ferromagnetic "hybrid" phase proposed by H. Falakshahi and X. Waintal [Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 046801 (2005)10.1103/PhysRevLett.94.046801].

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