Collective lamb shift in single photon Dicke superradiance

Phys Rev Lett. 2009 Apr 10;102(14):143601. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.143601. Epub 2009 Apr 6.


The collective Lamb shift and associated radiative decay of a large cloud of radius R containing N atoms uniformly excited by one photon of wavelength lambda is analyzed. It is shown that the time evolution of the symmetric state prepared by single photon absorption in the limit R>>lambda is similar to that encountered in the Dicke limit of small sample (R<<lambda) superradiance. The theory includes virtual (counterrotating) terms naturally and thus provides a simple calculation of the collective Lamb shift of a single Dicke state.