Vitamin D and Type 2 Diabetes: Is There a Link?

Prim Care Diabetes. 2009 May;3(2):115-6. doi: 10.1016/j.pcd.2009.03.004. Epub 2009 Apr 23.

Abstract

Prevention, or at least delay in onset of type 2 diabetes is possible by intensive lifestyle intervention. This is costly and labour intensive, and alternative methods of preventing diabetes have been sought. Vitamin D has important physiological effects aside from its effects on bone metabolism, including an important role in glucose homeostasis, insulin release and response. Observational data strongly support the role of vitamin D deficiency in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes. The time is ripe for a well conducted randomised controlled trial of vitamin D in high risk individuals to test the hypothesis that vitamin D delays the onset of type 2 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Editorial

MeSH terms

  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / etiology*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Seasons
  • Vitamin D Deficiency / complications*