Purpose: To investigate the clinical efficacy of a Ginkgo biloba extract associated with hyaluronic acid ophthalmic solution (GB-HA, Trium, SOOFT, Italy), compared to hyaluronic acid ophthalmic solution (HA) alone, in seasonal allergic conjunctivitis (AC).
Methods: A total of 60 patients with symptomatic AC were enrolled and randomly assigned to the two treatment regimens. After a washout period of 15 days, the treatment with GB-HA eyedrops or HA ophthalmic solution alone was initiated and continued for 1 month. The clinical symptoms such as conjunctival hyperemia, conjunctival discharge, and chemosis, and subjective signs as itching, photophobia, stinging, and lacrimation, were evaluated before and after the treatment. A 0-4 score was used by an independent clinical observer to quantify the above parameters.
Results: Patients treated with GB-HA, compared to patients treated with HA alone, showed a significant decrease in the appearance of conjunctival hyperemia, conjunctival discharge, and chemosis. Furthermore, all patients treated with GB-HA showed a significant improvement of subjective symptoms, compared to HA patients. Compared to their baseline values, patients treated with HA alone showed a small but not significant improvement in only some of the clinical and subjective symptoms.
Conclusions: The results suggest that Ginkgo biloba extract may exert therapeutic activity in the treatment of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis. Hyaluronic acid did not exert any valuable effect on this pathology.