Characteristics of bread prepared from wheat flours blended with various kinds of newly developed rice flours

J Food Sci. 2009 Apr;74(3):E121-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1750-3841.2009.01088.x.


Characteristics of the bread prepared from wheat flour blended with the flour of various kinds of newly developed rice cultivars were investigated. Qualities of the bread made from wheat flour blended with rice flour have been reported to be inferior to those from 100% wheat flour bread. To improve its qualities, we searched for the new-characteristic rice flours among the various kinds of newly developed rice cultivars to blend with the wheat flour for the bread preparation. The most suitable new characteristic rices are combination of purple waxy rice, high-amylose rice, and sugary rice. Specific volume of the bread from the combination of wheat and these 3 kinds of rice flours showed higher specific volume (3.93) compared with the traditional wheat/rice bread (3.58). We adopted the novel method, continuous progressive compression test, to measure the physical properties of the dough and the bread in addition to the sensory evaluation. As a result of the selection of the most suitable rice cultivars and blending ratio with the wheat flour, we could develop the novel wheat/rice bread, of which loaf volume, physical properties, and tastes are acceptable and resistant to firming on even 4 d after the bread preparation. To increase the ratio of rice to wheat, we tried to add a part of rice as cooked rice grains. The specific volume and qualities of the bread were maintained well although the rice content of total flour increased from 30% to 40%.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amylose / analysis
  • Bread / analysis*
  • Chemical Phenomena
  • Flour*
  • Food Handling / methods
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Oryza* / chemistry
  • Plant Proteins / analysis
  • Seeds / chemistry
  • Sensation
  • Smell
  • Starch / chemistry
  • Taste
  • Triticum*


  • Plant Proteins
  • Starch
  • Amylose