Objective: To clarify the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of patients with FIGO stage IIB cervical cancer who were treated with radical hysterectomy.
Methods: One hundred thirty-nine FIGO stage IIB patients with squamous or adenosquamous cell carcinoma (median age, 51 years) who were treated with primary radical hysterectomy were examined retrospectively. Sixty-six FIGO stage IIB patients who were treated with primary radiotherapy (median age, 70 years) were included for comparison of survival.
Results: Fifty percent (70/139) of the patients had pathological parametrial involvement. Among them, the positive rate of pelvic lymph nodes was 71% (50/70). Ninety-nine percent (138/139) of the tumors were completely removed, and the pelvic control rate was 88%. Major complications requiring surgery were found in 2.9% (4/139). Significant differences in survival were found among patients in subgroups according to pathological parametrial involvement, pelvic lymph node status, tumor size, lymph-vascular space invasion, and depth of myometrial invasion (log-rank test, P<0.05). Of these, the Cox proportional-hazard model revealed that parametrial involvement (P=0.001, 95% CI 1.992-6.297) and lymph node metastasis (P=0.042, 95% CI 1.023-3.298) were independent prognostic factors. The 5-year survival rate and relapse-free survival at 36 months were 69% and 72% among the radical hysterectomy group, and 69% and 75% among the radiotherapy group. The Cox model adjusted for age showed no significant differences in survival and relapse-free survival between these two groups.
Conclusion: Pathological parametrial involvement and positive nodes were prognostic factors for surgically treated patients with FIGO stage IIB cervical cancer.