[New therapeutic opportunities in metastatic renal cell carcinoma]

Praxis (Bern 1994). 2009 Apr 29;98(9):481-6. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157.98.9.481.
[Article in German]


Until recently metastatic renal cell carcinoma was considered refractory to the available therapies. A better understanding of the molecular biology and the introduction of targeted agents led to a significant improvement in the prognosis of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. In this paper the molecular pathology, specifically the deregulation of the oxygen adaption mechanisms leading to tumorangiognesis will be presented. Based on these fundamental mechanisms the targeted agents will be introduced. These agents have been tested in randomized phase III trials in different clinical and prognostic situations. The results and the side-effects of sunitinib, sorafenib, temsirolimus, everolimus and bevacizumab treatment will be presented leading to a possible treatment algorithm.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / mortality
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / pathology
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / therapy*
  • Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Disease Progression
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Humans
  • Kidney Neoplasms / mortality
  • Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • Kidney Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Nephrectomy
  • Palliative Care
  • Prognosis
  • Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic


  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors