[Mechanisms of gross saponins of Tribulus terrestris via activating PKCepsilon against myocardial apoptosis induced by oxidative stress]

Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2009 Feb;44(2):134-9.
[Article in Chinese]


This study is to observe the effect of gross saponins of Tribulus terrestris (GSTT) on protein kinase Cepsilon (PKCepsilon) and apoptosis-associated protein in the apoptosis of cultured cardiocyte apoptosis induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), and to explore the mechanisms of GSTT against myocardial apoptosis. Primary cardiocytes were isolated and cultured. Myocardial apoptosis was induced by H2O2 and analyzed with flow cytometry. Protein content of phospho-PKCepsilon, Bcl-2, and Bax were detected with Western blotting analysis. Cleaved caspase-3 protein content was determined with immunocytochemical technique. After the pretreatment of 100 mg x L(-1) GSTT, compared with H2O2 group, GSTT could not only decrease the apoptotic percentage in cardiocytes damaged by H2O2 (P < 0.01), but also reduce protein contents of Bax and cleaved caspase-3 (P < 0.01), and increase protein content of phospho-PKCepsilon and Bcl-2 significantly (P < 0.01). PKC inhibitor chelerythrine (Che) could prevent partly the effect of GSTT against myocardial apoptosis (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01). Mechanisms of GSTT against myocardial apoptosis might be associated with inhibition of mitochondrial apoptosis pathway after PKCepsilon activation.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis / drug effects*
  • Benzophenanthridines / pharmacology
  • Caspase 3 / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Female
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / toxicity
  • Male
  • Myocytes, Cardiac* / cytology
  • Myocytes, Cardiac* / drug effects
  • Myocytes, Cardiac* / metabolism
  • Oxidative Stress*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Plants, Medicinal / chemistry
  • Protein Kinase C / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Protein Kinase C-epsilon / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Saponins / administration & dosage
  • Saponins / isolation & purification
  • Saponins / pharmacology*
  • Tribulus / chemistry*
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein / metabolism


  • Bax protein, rat
  • Benzophenanthridines
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Saponins
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • chelerythrine
  • Protein Kinase C
  • Protein Kinase C-epsilon
  • Caspase 3