Objective: To compare the rates of global and sectoral neuroretinal rim area (NRA) and peripapillary atrophy area (PPAA) change in open-angle glaucoma patients and normal control subjects and to determine the relationship between rates of NRA and PPAA change.
Design: Prospective, longitudinal cohort study of cases and controls.
Participants and controls: Ninety-four patients with open-angle glaucoma and 54 control subjects.
Methods: Patients and controls were imaged with confocal scanning laser tomography every 6 months. The NRA and PPAA in 1 eye were analyzed to determine the rate of change globally and in 12 30 degrees sectors by regression analysis. Rates of global NRA and PPAA change were correlated. Sectors were ranked from 1 to 12 each according to the magnitude of NRA and PPAA change and were compared between patients and controls using rank-order correlation. Spatial concordance between rates of NRA and PPAA change was calculated as sector rank distance between correspondingly ranked sectors.
Main outcome measures: Rates of global and sectoral NRA and PPAA change.
Results: The mean (+/-standard deviation) follow-up was 8.6+/-2.9 years for patients and 7.1+/-3.6 years for controls. Globally, NRA declined more rapidly in patients compared with controls, expressed either in absolute units (medians, -5.33x10(-3) mm(2)/year and -1.25x10(-3) mm(2)/year, respectively; P = 0.006) or percentage of baseline NRA (medians, -0.42%/year and -0.07%/year, respectively; P = 0.001). The global rate of PPAA change was not significantly higher in patients compared with controls (12.66x10(-3) mm(2)/year and 9.43x10(-3) mm(2)/year, respectively; P = 0.173). Rates of global and sectoral NRA and PPAA change were correlated poorly in either group. There was a high correlation between ranked sectors of NRA change in patients and controls (P</=0.001), indicating similar patterns of NRA decline in patients and controls; however, this was not the case for rates of PPAA change.
Conclusions: These findings indicate an age-related regional susceptibility of the optic disc that may be accelerated in glaucoma. The poor relationship between rates of NRA and PPAA change suggests their temporal dynamics are uncoupled.
Financial disclosure(s): The author(s) have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article.