Predicting outcome following pulmonary resection in cystic fibrosis patients

J Pediatr Surg. 1991 Jun;26(6):655-9. doi: 10.1016/0022-3468(91)90003-c.


A small subset of cystic fibrosis (CF) patients develop pulmonary disease primarily limited to one lobe or lung segment requiring prolonged recurrent hospitalizations with intensive medical therapy. Although surgery has been advocated for patients who do not respond to medical therapy, very little is known about criteria for selection of patients who might benefit from resection of the involved parenchyma. In an attempt to further define criteria for pulmonary resection in these patients, we retrospectively reviewed our experience at Tulane Medical Center over the past 10 years. Fourteen patients with CF, ranging from 3 to 30 years of age, underwent 17 pulmonary resections. Indications for surgery were persistent lobar or pulmonary atelectasis and bronchiectasis requiring multiple hospitalizations and unresponsive to medical therapy (n = 13), bronchopleural fistula (n = 2), or hemoptysis not responding to medical therapy or selective embolization (n = 2). Thirteen lobectomies and four pneumonectomies were performed. Only two resections were on the left side and 11 right upper lobectomies were performed. Postoperative hospitalization ranged from 5 to 21 days (mean, 8.5 days). Preoperative pulmonary function tests showed widely divergent function in these patients. Forced expiratory volume (FEV1) ranged from 11% to 88% whereas forced vital capacity (FVC) ranged from 20% to 100% of predicted values. Oxygen saturation ranged from 86% to 99%. Although there was no significant difference in preoperative and postoperative FVC or O2 saturation, there was a significant (P less than .003) decrease in the postoperative FEV1. In the 12 surviving patients followed for at least 1 year, there was also a significant reduction (P less than .001) in the number of hospitalizations required due to pulmonary exacerbations from an average 2.2 admissions per year (range, 0.44 to 3.5 admissions per year) to 1.1 admissions per year (range, 0 to 8).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cystic Fibrosis / physiopathology
  • Cystic Fibrosis / surgery*
  • Female
  • Forced Expiratory Volume / physiology
  • Humans
  • Lung Diseases / physiopathology
  • Lung Diseases / surgery*
  • Male
  • Pneumonectomy
  • Postoperative Period
  • Preoperative Care
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Vital Capacity / physiology