The Rosco system was used to identify previously confirmed isolates of the seven currently recognised species of Listeria. These included reference cultures and recent isolates from clinical material, food products and environmental sources. The system identified all correctly. Results were obtained after 4 h if heavy inocula, as suggested by the manufacturers, were used. The method may be used to aid identification of isolates of Listeria from clinical and non-clinical specimens and would be of particular value in laboratories examining small numbers of isolates relatively infrequently. Essential tests not included in the system are beta-haemolysis on sheep-blood agar and the CAMP test.