Objectives: Cdc4 (Fbxw7) is a potential tumor suppressor that regulates ubiquitination and proteolysis of multiple targets such as cyclin E, c-Myc, c-Jun and Notch. CDC4 mutations were investigated in 194 colorectal carcinomas and adenomas for comparison between sporadic and hereditary cancers.
Methods: Mutations of the CDC4 gene were analyzed by PCR-SSCP and sequencing, and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) was analyzed by microsatellite marker analysis.
Results: Somatic CDC4 mutations were detected in 9% (3 of 33) of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), 9% (3 of 33) of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) carcinomas, and 10% (7 of 73) of sporadic carcinomas. CDC4 mutations were also detected in adenomas at frequencies of 6% (2 of 31) and 4% (1 of 24) in FAP and sporadic cases, respectively. Frameshift mutations were observed in HNPCC tumors, while single-base substitutions predominantly occurred in FAP and sporadic tumors. LOH at the chromosome 4q region was rarely detected in tumors with CDC4 mutations.
Conclusions: The results indicate that the frequency of CDC4 mutations in colorectal tumors is similar in patients with HNPCC and FAP compared to patients with sporadic carcinomas. Moreover, infrequent LOH suggests that the CDC4 gene does not follow the general 2-hit model.
Copyright 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel.