Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
. Jul-Aug 2009;21(4):207-12.
doi: 10.1038/ijir.2009.14. Epub 2009 May 7.

The Relationship of Serum and Salivary Cortisol Levels to Male Sexual Dysfunction as Measured by the International Index of Erectile Function

Affiliations
Free PMC article

The Relationship of Serum and Salivary Cortisol Levels to Male Sexual Dysfunction as Measured by the International Index of Erectile Function

Y Kobori et al. Int J Impot Res. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

To evaluate the biomarkers of sexual function, we investigated the relationship between questionnaire responses and biological hormones such as testosterone (T) and cortisol (F) in serum and saliva. The study population included 105 men aged 30-72 years (mean: 49+/-4.5, median: 49). Levels of all serum hormones (Total-T, Free-T, Bioavailable-T, Total-F and Bioavailable-F) and salivary hormones (Saliva-T and Saliva-F) were measured directly by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. The International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) was used as a questionnaire to evaluate sexual dysfunction. Free-T and Bioavailable-T showed significant inverse correlations with age (P<0.01). In the group not taking antidepressants, the levels of Bioavailable-F and Saliva-F showed significant inverse correlations with a portion of the IIEF score (P<0.05). However, reductions in Bioavailable-T and Saliva-T showed no association with the IIEF score. In the group taking antidepressants, these hormone levels showed no correlation with IIEF.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
(a) Free testosterone showed significant inverse correlations with age (n=103, R=−0.35, P<0.001). (b) On the other hand, bioavailable cortisol did not have a meaningful correlation with age (n=103, R=0.10, P=0.10).
Figure 2
Figure 2
(a) Bioavailable testosterone did not show a meaningful correlation with the total score of IIEF (n=32, R=−0.01, P=0.98). (b) Bioavailable cortisol showed negative correlations with the total score of IIEF score (n=32, R=−0.43, P<0.05).

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 8 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

References

    1. Hwang TIS, Lo HC, Tsai TF, Chiou HY. Association among hypogonadism, quality of life and erectile dysfunction in middle-aged and aged male in Taiwan. Int J Impot Res. 2007;19:69–75. - PubMed
    1. Morales A, Lunenfeld B. Standards, guidelines and recommendations of the international society for the study of the aging male (ISSAM). Investigation, treatment and monitoring of late-onset hypogonadism in males. Official recommendations of ISSAM. Aging Male. 2002;5:74–86. - PubMed
    1. Morley JE. The diagnosis of late life hypogonadism. Aging Male. 2007;10:217–220. - PubMed
    1. Shirtcliff EA, Granger DA, Likos A. Gender differences in the validity of testosterone measured in saliva by immunoassay. Horm Behav. 2002;42:62–69. - PubMed
    1. Ellison PT, Bribiescas RG, Bentley GR, Campbell BC, Lipson SF, Panter-Brick C, et al. Population variation in age-related decline in male salivary testosterone. Hum Reprod. 2002;17:3251–3253. - PubMed

MeSH terms

Feedback