Background: Tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE) is an echocardiographic measurement to assess right ventricular systolic function in adults. The aim of this study was to determine growth-related changes in TAPSE to establish references values.
Methods: A prospective study was conducted in a group of 640 healthy pediatric patients (age range, 1 day to 18 years; body surface area range, 0.12-2.25 m(2)). The effects of age and body surface area on TAPSE were determined.
Results: TAPSE ranged from a mean of 0.91 cm (z score +/- 3, 0.56-1.26 cm) in neonates to 2.47 cm (z score +/- 3, 1.84-3.10 cm) in 18-year-olds. TAPSE values showed positive correlations with age and body surface area. There was no significant difference in TAPSE values between female or male children.
Conclusion: In this study, z scores of TAPSE values were calculated and percentile charts were established to serve as reference data for ready application in patients with congenital heart disease in the future.