p54nrb is a transcriptional corepressor of the progesterone receptor that modulates transcription of the labor-associated gene, connexin 43 (Gja1)

Mol Endocrinol. 2009 Aug;23(8):1147-60. doi: 10.1210/me.2008-0357. Epub 2009 May 7.


The progesterone receptor (PR) plays important roles in the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. By dynamic interactions with coregulators, PR represses the expression of genes that increase the contractile activity of myometrium and contribute to the initiation of labor. We have previously shown that PTB-associated RNA splicing factor (PSF) can function as a PR corepressor. In this report, we demonstrated that the PSF heterodimer partner, p54nrb (non-POU-domain-containing, octamer binding protein), can also function as a transcription corepressor, independent of PSF. p54nrb Interacts directly with PR independent of progesterone. In contrast to PSF, p54nrb neither enhances PR protein degradation nor blocks PR binding to DNA. Rather, p54nrb recruits mSin3A through its N terminus to the PR-DNA complex, resulting in an inhibition of PR-mediated transactivation of the progesterone-response element-luciferase reporter gene. PR also repressed transcription of the connexin 43 gene (Gja1), an effect dependent on the presence of an activator protein 1 site within the proximal Gja1 promoter. Mutation of this site abolished PR-mediated repression and decreased the recruitment of PR and p54nrb onto the Gja1 promoter. Furthermore, knockdown p54nrb expression by small interfering RNA alleviated PR-mediated repression on Gja1 transcription, whereas overexpression of p54nrb enhanced it. In the physiological context of pregnancy, p54nrb protein levels decrease with the approach of labor in the rat myometrium. We conclude that p54nrb is a transcriptional corepressor of PR. Decreased expression of p54nrb at the time of labor may act to derepress PR-mediated inhibition on connexin 43 expression and contribute to the initiation of labor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Connexin 43 / metabolism*
  • Cricetinae
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Nuclear Matrix-Associated Proteins / metabolism*
  • Octamer Transcription Factors / metabolism*
  • Progesterone / metabolism
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • RNA / metabolism
  • RNA Splicing
  • RNA, Small Interfering / metabolism
  • RNA-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Progesterone / metabolism*
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Transcriptional Activation


  • Connexin 43
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • GJA1 protein, human
  • NONO protein, human
  • Nuclear Matrix-Associated Proteins
  • Octamer Transcription Factors
  • RNA, Small Interfering
  • RNA-Binding Proteins
  • Receptors, Progesterone
  • Progesterone
  • RNA