Alcohol and race/ethnicity elicit different changes in lipid profiles in HIV-infected individuals receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy

J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. May-Jun 2009;20(3):176-83. doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2009.02.004.


This longitudinal study examined the impact of alcohol consumption (88 hazardous and 76 nonhazardous drinkers) and race/ethnicity on lipid profiles in individuals starting highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). At baseline, Whites and Hispanics had the most adverse lipid profiles, whereas Blacks had the least atherogenic. Whites and Hispanics showed higher increases in cholesterol (W = 11%; H = 6%), triglycerides (W = 40%; H = 24%), and low-density lipoprotein (10%) than Blacks (cholesterol = 4%; triglycerides = 9%; low-density lipoprotein = 4%). Hazardous alcohol consumption was correlated with increased lipids in each group. Hispanics had a clear trait risk for hypertriglyceridemia with HAART (1.9-fold) and with hazardous drinking (3.2-fold; p = .04). The highest risk for hypertriglyceridemia was found in heavy drinkers (3.75-fold; p = .05). Results underscore the importance of an alcohol/race interactive effect on HAART-associated dyslipidemia and the need for assessment and treatment of alcohol disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alcohol Drinking*
  • Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active*
  • Continental Population Groups*
  • Ethnic Groups*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / blood
  • HIV Infections / drug therapy*
  • Humans
  • Lipids / blood*
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged


  • Lipids