Objectives: Investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics, nodal distribution, and postoperative treatment of patients with FIGO stage IIIC endometrial carcinoma and determine patterns of recurrence and survival.
Methods: A retrospective review of 85 patients who underwent surgical staging with lymph node dissection at a single institution between 1979 and 2005 was performed. Data collected from patient charts included demographics, treatment, recurrence and survival. Variables were compared using the log-rank and X2 tests, and multivariate analysis was performed.
Results: Of 1487 patients who underwent surgical staging for endometrial cancer, 104 (7.0%) were diagnosed with stage IIIC disease and 85 of these were analyzed. Stage was determined by positive pelvic lymph nodes (PLN) in 54 patients, and positive para-aortic lymph nodes (PaLN)+/-PLN in 31 patients. With a median follow up of 50 months, 5-year overall survival (OS) was 61.3%, recurrence-free survival (RFS) was 58.0%, and disease-specific survival (DSS) was 71.9%. Median OS, RFS and DSS were 131 months, 131 months, and not attained, respectively. Five-year OS and RFS with positive PaLN were 48.8% and 44.4% respectively, compared to 69.7% and 65.6% with positive PLN only. On multivariate analysis, age, non-endometrioid histology, and >50% invasion were significantly associated with OS; age and non-endometrioid histology were associated with RFS. Disease recurred in 21 patients (24.7%): 15 distant, 4 abdominal, 1 para-aortic, and 1 pelvic. Disease recurred outside the field of radiation in all patients.
Conclusions: Endometrial cancer patients with FIGO stage IIIC had a 5-year OS of 61.3%, a RFS of 58.0% and a DSS of 71.9% in this series. Because of the high proportion of distant sites of recurrence (71.4%), recurrence outside the radiation field (100%), and mortality after recurrence (86.3%), multimodality therapy should be considered.