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Comparative Study
. 2009 May 8;372(1-2):91-6.
doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2009.01.015. Epub 2009 Jan 22.

Distribution of Blood-Muscle for Clenbuterol in Rat Using Microdialysis

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Comparative Study

Distribution of Blood-Muscle for Clenbuterol in Rat Using Microdialysis

Jen-Chih Chang et al. Int J Pharm. .

Abstract

Clenbuterol is clinically used as a bronchodilator, but it is also illegally used to increase lean meat in animal husbandry. To investigate the muscle distribution of protein-unbound clenbuterol, a microdialysis technique coupled to liquid chromatography system was applied to simultaneously monitor clenbuterol in rat blood and muscle. Two microdialysis probes were implanted into the jugular vein/right atrium and hind leg muscle of rat for sampling after clenbuterol administration (10 mg/kg) through the femoral vein. Dialysate samples of clenbuterol were separated by a reversed-phase column (250 mm x 4 mm I.D., particle size 5 microm). The results indicate that the maximum concentration of clenbuterol in muscle was found at 30-45 min after clenbuterol administration (10 mg/kg) and the area under concentration curve (AUC) of clenbuterol in blood and in muscle were 942.75+/-101.92 and 174.81+/-13.03 min microg/mL, respectively. The AUC(muscle)/AUC(blood) was 0.20+/-0.03 representing about 20% of the clenbuterol distributing into the muscle. The elimination half-life of clenbuterol in the blood and muscle were about 2 and 6h, respectively. These results suggest that the protein-unbound concentration of clenbuterol sustained a high level and prolonged elimination in the muscle. The accumulation of clenbuterol might result in some clinical effects when clenbuterol-contaminated meat was consumed.

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