Effect of antipsychotic drug perphenazine on fast sodium current and transient outward potassium current in rat ventricular myocytes

Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2009 Aug;380(2):125-33. doi: 10.1007/s00210-009-0420-1. Epub 2009 May 9.


Antipsychotic drug perphenazine belongs to the phenothiazine group commonly reported to induce ECG changes and tachyarrhythmias. Data about its effect on ionic membrane currents in cardiomyocytes are missing. We analyzed the effect of perphenazine (0.1-100 microM) on fast sodium current I (Na) and transient outward potassium current I (to) in enzymatically isolated rat right ventricular myocytes by the whole-cell patch-clamp technique at room temperature. Perphenazine reversibly blocked I (Na) (reducing its amplitude; IC(50) = 1.24 +/- 0.10 microM) and I (to) (accelerating its apparent inactivation with a slight decrease of its amplitude; IC(50) = 38.2 +/- 3.5 microM, evaluated from changes of the time integral). The fast time constant of I (to) inactivation was significantly decreased in a concentration-dependent manner (IC(50) = 30.0 +/- 6.6 microM). Both blocks were use and frequency dependent at 3.3 Hz. We conclude that perphenazine causes concentration-, use-, and frequency-dependent block of I (Na) and I (to) . Computer simulations suggest that perphenazine interacts preferentially with I (Na) channels in inactivated states and with I (to) channels in both open and open-inactivated states.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antipsychotic Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antipsychotic Agents / toxicity*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Heart Ventricles / cytology
  • Heart Ventricles / drug effects
  • Inhibitory Concentration 50
  • Male
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / drug effects
  • Myocytes, Cardiac / metabolism
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Perphenazine / administration & dosage
  • Perphenazine / toxicity*
  • Potassium Channels / drug effects*
  • Potassium Channels / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Sodium Channels / drug effects*
  • Sodium Channels / metabolism


  • Antipsychotic Agents
  • Potassium Channels
  • Sodium Channels
  • Perphenazine