Transcranial magnetotherapy in the complex treatment of affective disorders in patients with alcoholism

Neurosci Behav Physiol. 2009 Jun;39(5):507-11. doi: 10.1007/s11055-009-9149-z.


Transcranial magnetotherapy (TMT) was used in 32 patients with alcoholism (study group) on the background of basal treatment (nootropes, hepatoprotectors, vitamin/mineral formulations, etc.). The influence of this treatment was compared with a control group (30 subjects), in which TMT was replaced with an appropriate (placebo) procedure. All patients, who were aged from 35 to 64 years, had second-degree alcoholism with disease durations of 4-12 years. Patients were in a post-abstinence state during the treatment period. Courses of TMT consisted of 10 daily procedures with exposures of 10-20 min. Somatic, neurological, and laboratory studies were performed before and after treatment and included cardiointervalography, electroencephalography, assessments of the state of the autonomic nervous system, and use of psychometric scales to evaluate levels of anxiety and depression. TMT was followed by improvements in wellbeing, mood, and sleep, with increases in physical exercise tolerance and decreases in alcohol craving in 75% of patients in the study group and 30% of patients in the control group. Improvements in patients' status were supported by paraclinical investigations (electrophysiological, measures of the state of the autonomic nervous system, etc.) and psychometric scales.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Alcoholism / complications*
  • Alcoholism / physiopathology
  • Alcoholism / therapy
  • Autonomic Nervous System / physiopathology
  • Electroencephalography
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mood Disorders / physiopathology
  • Mood Disorders / therapy*
  • Psychometrics / methods
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation / methods*
  • Treatment Outcome