Background: In this study, we aimed to determine behaviors of women over 40 years toward methods of breast cancer early detection in a rural region of Ankara, Turkey.
Methods: Of the 1277 women aged over 40 years, 910 (71.3%) participated in the study.
Results: Not performing breast self-examination was 3.1 times more frequent in those aged 60 years and older (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.8-5.2), 2.1 times more frequent in those who could only read and write (95% CI, 1.5-2.9), and 2.5 times more frequent in housewives (95% CI, 1.5-4.3). The likelihood of clinical breast exam was 1.8 times less in women aged 60 years old and older compared with younger women. Primary school graduates had a 1.9 times (95% CI, 1.3-2.9) greater chance of not having had a mammography compared with those that been at least primary school graduates.
Conclusions: For women to change their behavior and adopt early methods of diagnosing breast cancer, it is necessary to reach priority target groups during the training provided by primary care institutions.