The efficacy and safety of epidermal growth factor in treatment of diabetic foot ulcers: the preliminary results

Int Wound J. 2009 Apr;6(2):159-66. doi: 10.1111/j.1742-481X.2009.00594.x.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rh-EGF) in healing foot ulcers in diabetic patients.

Methods: A total of 28 subjects with foot ulcers were recruited into the pilot study. Patients who had obvious peripheral arterial disease, trans-tibial amputation, plastic surgery or skin flap, and skin graft were excluded. The properly debrided wounds and the non closure wounds after toe amputation were included. When the wounds became clean or uninfected, they received twice-a-day treatment with 0.005% Easyef and hydrocolloid dressing. The size and severity of the wounds were evaluated. Others such as blood sugar, renal and hepatic function, serum albumin, vascular condition, foot infection or osteomyelitis were assessed.

Results: All of 28 patients had positive response of granulation (100%). Complete healing was noted in 13 out of 23 subjects and finished 8-week follow-up (56.5%). The rates of wound closure were 43.3%, 59.9%, 68.7%, and 84.8% in week 2, 4, 6 and 8, respectively, regardless of the severity. Being dropped out, three patients needed further interventions. No skin allergic reaction. Over-granulation was observed in one female patient (3.7%), but as minor.

Conclusions: Easyef has positive effects on healing of moderate-to-severe foot ulcers and demonstrated being safe to diabetic patients. The drug had high tolerability and compliance.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Topical
  • Aged
  • Debridement
  • Diabetic Foot / drug therapy*
  • Diabetic Foot / surgery
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / administration & dosage*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pilot Projects
  • Recombinant Proteins / administration & dosage*
  • Wound Healing*

Substances

  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Epidermal Growth Factor