Transition onto haemodialysis is a time of increased psychosocial difficulty, yet, many renal patients exhibit personal resilience in continuing to lead productive lives. Using a positive psychological methodology, this qualitative study aims to identify factors identified by patients as helpful in the transition onto haemodialysis. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 10 patients within six months of starting haemodialysis. Interpretive content analysis identified three main themes (each with subthemes) in patients' accounts-preparation, cognitive style and social support. Limited differences arose between patients who underwent a gradual versus acute transition onto haemodialysis. Themes are discussed with reference to implications for practice development.