Factors associated with higher body mass index, weight concern, and weight gain in a multinational cohort study of smokers intending to quit

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2009 Mar;6(3):943-57. doi: 10.3390/ijerph6030943. Epub 2009 Mar 2.


The ATTEMPT cohort study is multi-national, longitudinal study of smokers intending to quit recruited in the U.S.A., Canada, U.K. and France. Data on demographics, medical history, body mass index (BMI), weight concerns and smoking status were collected at baseline and after six months. A total of 2,009 subjects provided data at baseline and 1,303 at six months. High baseline BMI was associated with recent quit attempts, high weight concerns and high cigarette consumption. Weight gain was associated with low income, being single and number of cigarette-free days, but not with baseline weight concerns and confidence in preventing weight gain. Quit attempts were more frequent in subjects with a high baseline BMI and low weight concerns.

Keywords: Smoking cessation; body mass index; weight concern.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Body Mass Index*
  • Canada
  • Female
  • France
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Smoking Cessation* / psychology
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • Weight Gain*