Y-chromosomal 28 short tandem repeat (STR) loci were investigated in unrelated healthy individuals of the Ovambo population from Namibia (n=54). Sixteen Y-chromosome short tandem repeat (Y-STR) polymorphic loci (DYS456, DYS389I, DYS390, DYS389II, DYS458, DYS19, DYS385, DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, GATAH4, DYS437, DYS438, and DYS448) were analyzed using AmpFISTR Yfiler Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) Amplification Kit. DYS441-445 and DYS446, DYS447, DYS449, DYS450, DYS459a/b, DYS463 and DYS464a/b/c/d were investigated using a multiplex PCR system. Fifty-one haplotypes were identified in 54 Ovambos. The STR diversity values for Y-STRs loci ranged from 0.036 (DYS392) to 0.900 (DYS 385).