Viruses manipulate the marine environment

Nature. 2009 May 14;459(7244):207-12. doi: 10.1038/nature08060.


Marine viruses affect Bacteria, Archaea and eukaryotic organisms and are major components of the marine food web. Most studies have focused on their role as predators and parasites, but many of the interactions between marine viruses and their hosts are much more complicated. A series of recent studies has shown that viruses have the ability to manipulate the life histories and evolution of their hosts in remarkable ways, challenging our understanding of this almost invisible world.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Ecosystem*
  • Marine Biology*
  • Transduction, Genetic
  • Virus Physiological Phenomena*
  • Viruses* / genetics