Multimeric soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) efficiently enhances HIV specific cellular immune responses during DNA prime and boost with attenuated poxvirus vectors MVA and NYVAC expressing HIV antigens

Vaccine. 2009 May 21;27(24):3165-74. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.03.049. Epub 2009 Apr 8.


The attenuated poxvirus vectors MVA and NYVAC are now in clinical trials against HIV/AIDS. Due to the vectors restricted replication capacity in human cells, approaches to enhance their immunogenicity are highly desirable. Here, we have analyzed the ability of a soluble form of hexameric CD40L (sCD40L) to stimulate specific immune responses to HIV antigens when inoculated in mice during priming with DNA and in the booster with MVA or NYVAC, expressing the vectors HIV-1 Env, Gag, Pol and Nef antigens from clade B. Our findings revealed that sCD40L in DNA/poxvirus combination enhanced the magnitude about 2-fold (DNA-B/MVA-B) and 4-fold (DNA-B/NYVAC-B), as well as the breath of the HIV antigen specific cellular immune responses. sCD40L was necessary in both prime and boost inoculations triggering a potent polarization of the Th response towards a Th1 type. In DNA-B/NYVAC-B regime the addition of sCD40L significantly enhanced the humoral immune response against HIV gp160, but not in DNA-B/MVA-B combination. These findings provided evidence for the immunostimulatory benefit of sCD40L when DNA and the poxvirus vectors MVA and NYVAC are used as immunogens.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • AIDS Vaccines / immunology*
  • Adjuvants, Immunologic / pharmacology*
  • Animals
  • CD40 Ligand / pharmacology*
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes / immunology
  • Female
  • Genetic Vectors
  • HIV Antigens / genetics
  • HIV Antigens / immunology*
  • HIV-1 / immunology*
  • Immunization, Secondary
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Poxviridae / genetics
  • Vaccines, DNA / immunology*
  • Vaccines, Synthetic / immunology*


  • AIDS Vaccines
  • Adjuvants, Immunologic
  • HIV Antigens
  • Vaccines, DNA
  • Vaccines, Synthetic
  • CD40 Ligand