G-string slippage turns white rice red

Genome. 2009 May;52(5):490-3. doi: 10.1139/g09-025.


The mutations that convey the white pericarp phenotype to rice (Oryza sativa subsp. japonica) are in a regulatory gene, Rc. We have identified a genetic difference between the cultivar 'Perla' and its natural red rice mutant 'Perla Rosso' in the Rc gene. The deletion of a G base restores the reading frame for the Rc gene, lost by the original 14 bp deletion that gave rise to white rice.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA, Plant / genetics
  • Genes, Dominant
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Oryza / genetics*
  • Oryza / metabolism
  • Pigmentation / genetics*
  • Plant Proteins / chemistry
  • Plant Proteins / genetics*
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid


  • DNA, Plant
  • Plant Proteins