Wearing the cloak: antecedents and consequences of creating facades of conformity

J Appl Psychol. 2009 May;94(3):727-41. doi: 10.1037/a0015228.


This study examines a select set of relationships proposed in P. F. Hewlin's (2003) conceptual model of antecedents and consequences of creating facades of conformity. Results from a survey study of 238 employees working in multiple industries indicate that perceived nonparticipative work environments, minority status, self-monitoring, and collectivism are related to creating facades of conformity. Emotional exhaustion serves as a mediator between creating facades of conformity and members' intention to leave the organization. Collectivism moderates the relationship between emotional exhaustion and intention to leave.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Burnout, Professional / psychology
  • Emotions
  • Female
  • Hierarchy, Social
  • Humans
  • Individuality*
  • Intention
  • Male
  • Models, Organizational
  • Organizational Culture*
  • Personnel Turnover
  • Social Behavior*
  • Social Conformity*
  • Social Identification*
  • Social Values*