Coronin switches roles in actin disassembly depending on the nucleotide state of actin

Mol Cell. 2009 May 15;34(3):364-74. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2009.02.029.

Abstract

Rapid and polarized turnover of actin networks is essential for motility, endocytosis, cytokinesis, and other cellular processes. However, the mechanisms that provide tight spatiotemporal control of actin disassembly remain poorly understood. Here, we show that yeast coronin (Crn1) makes a unique contribution to this process by differentially interacting with and regulating the effects of cofilin on ATP/ADP+P(i) versus ADP actin filaments. Crn1 potently blocks cofilin severing of newly assembled (ATP/ADP+P(i)) filaments but synergizes with cofilin to sever older (ADP) filaments. Thus, Crn1 has qualitatively distinct/opposite effects on actin dynamics depending on the nucleotide state of actin. This bimodal mechanism requires two separate actin-binding domains in Crn1. Consistent with these activities, Crn1 excludes GFP-Cof1 from newly assembled regions of actin networks in vivo and accelerates cellular actin turnover by four fold. We conclude that coronin polarizes the spatial distribution and activity of cofilin to promote selective disassembly of older actin filaments.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Actins / genetics
  • Actins / metabolism*
  • Adenosine Diphosphate / metabolism
  • Adenosine Triphosphate / metabolism
  • Binding Sites
  • Cofilin 1 / genetics
  • Cofilin 1 / metabolism
  • Microfilament Proteins / genetics
  • Microfilament Proteins / metabolism*
  • Nucleotides / metabolism*
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*

Substances

  • Actins
  • Cofilin 1
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Nucleotides
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • coronin proteins
  • Adenosine Diphosphate
  • Adenosine Triphosphate