Study of the adhesion of Bifidobacterium bifidum MIMBb75 to human intestinal cell lines

Curr Microbiol. 2009 Aug;59(2):167-72. doi: 10.1007/s00284-009-9415-x. Epub 2009 May 19.


The aim of this study was to investigate the adhesive phenotype of the human intestinal isolate Bifidobacterium bifidum MIMBb75 to human colon carcinoma cell lines. We have previously shown that the adhesion of this strain to Caco-2 cells is mediated by an abundant surface lipoprotein named BopA. In this study, we found that this strain adheres to Caco-2 and HT-29 cells, and that its adhesion strongly depends on the environmental conditions, including the presence of sugars and bile salts and the pH. Considerably more adhesion to a Caco-2 monolayer occurred in the presence of fucose and mannose and less when MIMBb75 grew in Oxgall bile salts compared to standard environmental conditions. In particular, growth in Oxgall bile salts reduced the adhesion ability of MIMBb75 and modified the SDS-PAGE profile of the cell wall associated proteins of the strain. The pH markedly affected both adhesion to Caco-2 and bacterial autoaggregation. Finally, experiments with sodium metaperiodate suggested that not only proteinaceous determinants are involved in the adhesion process of B. bifidum. In conclusion, it seems that the colonization strategy of this bacterium can be influenced by factors varying along the gastrointestinal tract, such as the presence of specific sugars and bile salts and the pH, possibly limiting the adhesion of B. bifidum to only restricted distal sites of the gut.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acids / pharmacology
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Bacterial Adhesion*
  • Bacterial Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Bifidobacterium / drug effects
  • Bifidobacterium / physiology*
  • Bile Acids and Salts / pharmacology
  • Carbohydrate Metabolism
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Wall / chemistry
  • Culture Media / chemistry
  • Epithelial Cells / microbiology*
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Intestinal Mucosa / microbiology*


  • Acids
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Bile Acids and Salts
  • Culture Media