Weight-reducing diets: are there any differences?

Nutr Rev. 2009 May;67 Suppl 1:S99-101. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2009.00169.x.

Abstract

This paper compares the efficacy of two widely used weight-loss diets differing in macronutrient composition - a low-carbohydrate diet versus a low-fat diet. Although "a calorie is a calorie" under the controlled conditions of a metabolic unit (i.e., only the level of calorie intake matters and not the source of calories), we conclude that these interrelationships are far more complex in the free-living situation. The different diet-related factors that condition energy balance, including total energy intake, satiety and hunger sensory triggers, and palatability, must be considered when assessing the efficacy of weight-reducing diets of different macronutrient composition.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted* / adverse effects
  • Diet, Fat-Restricted*
  • Diet, Reducing / standards
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / metabolism
  • Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Fats / metabolism
  • Dietary Proteins / administration & dosage
  • Dietary Proteins / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Obesity / diet therapy*
  • Obesity / metabolism
  • Patient Compliance
  • Satiety Response / drug effects
  • Satiety Response / physiology
  • Weight Loss / physiology*

Substances

  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Proteins