Objectives: evaluation of the effectiveness of a new structured diabetes teaching and treatment programme (DTTP) with specific didactical approaches and topics for geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus.
Design: a prospective randomised controlled multi-centre trial.
Setting and participants: a total of 155 geriatric patients were randomly admitted to either the new DTTP SGS (n = 83) or the standard DTTP (n = 72) for insulin-treated patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (HbA1c 8.0 +/- 1.4%, age 76.2 +/- 6.3 years).
Measurements: biometrical data, metabolic control, acute complications, diabetes knowledge, self-management.
Results: SGS participants showed improved levels of HbA1c 6 months after the DTTP, and less acute complications than the standard group (P<0.009). Both groups demonstrated a good capacity for diabetes self-management and improvement in diabetes knowledge after the DTTP (P<0.01).
Conclusion: the new SGS diabetes education programme, focusing on the learning capabilities and the particular needs of older persons, is effective in improving metabolic control and in maintaining auto-sufficiency in geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus.