Factors associated with failure to list HIV-positive kidney transplant candidates

Am J Transplant. 2009 Jun;9(6):1467-71. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2009.02637.x. Epub 2009 May 13.

Abstract

With improved survival in the antiretroviral era, data from ongoing studies suggest that HIV patients can be safely transplanted. The disproportionate burden of HIV-related end-stage renal disease in minority populations may impose additional obstacles to successful completion of the transplant evaluation. We retrospectively reviewed 309 potentially eligible HIV patients evaluated for kidney transplant at our institution since 2000. Only 20% of HIV patients have been listed, compared to 73% of HIV-negative patients evaluated over the same period (p < 0.00001). Failure to provide documentation of CD4 and viral load (36% of candidates) was the most common reason for failure to progress beyond initial evaluation. Other factors independently associated with failure to complete the evaluation included CD4 < 200 at initial evaluation (OR 15.17; 95% CI 1.94-118.83), black race (OR 2.33; 95% CI 1.07-5.06), and history of drug use (OR 2.56; 95% CI 1.22-5.37). More efficient medical record sharing and an awareness of factors associated with failure to list HIV-positive transplant candidates may enable transplant centers to more effectively advocate for these patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blacks / statistics & numerical data
  • CD4 Lymphocyte Count
  • Female
  • HIV Seropositivity / complications*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / complications*
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic / surgery
  • Kidney Transplantation*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • New York City / epidemiology
  • Patient Selection*
  • Substance-Related Disorders / epidemiology
  • Viral Load
  • Waiting Lists