Technological advances in radiation oncology for central nervous system tumors

Semin Radiat Oncol. 2009 Jul;19(3):179-86. doi: 10.1016/j.semradonc.2009.02.006.


Advances in computer software technology have led to enormous progress that has enabled increasing levels of complexity to be incorporated into radiotherapy treatment planning systems. Because of these changes, the delivery of radiotherapy evolved from therapy designed primarily on plain 2-dimensional X-ray images and hand calculations to therapy based on 3-dimensional images incorporating increasingly complex computer algorithms in the planning process. In addition, challenges in treatment planning and radiation delivery, such as problems with setup error and organ movement, have begun to be systematically addressed, ushering in an era of so-called 4-dimensional radiotherapy. This review article discusses how these advances have changed the way in which many common neoplasms of the central nervous system are being treated at present.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brachytherapy
  • Central Nervous System Neoplasms / radiotherapy*
  • Humans
  • Radiosurgery
  • Radiotherapy Planning, Computer-Assisted
  • Radiotherapy, Computer-Assisted* / trends