Multidisciplinary team, working with elderly persons living in the community: a systematic literature review

Scand J Occup Ther. 2010;17(2):101-16. doi: 10.1080/11038120902978096.


As the number of elderly persons with complex health needs is increasing, teams for their care have been recommended as a means of meeting these needs, particularly in the case of elderly persons with multi-diseases. Occupational therapists, in their role as team members, exert significant influence in guiding team recommendations. However, it has been emphasized that there is a lack of sound research to show the impact of teamwork from the perspective of elderly persons. The aim of this paper was to explore literature concerning multidisciplinary teams that work with elderly persons living in the community. The research method was a systematic literature review and a total of 37 articles was analysed. The result describes team organisation, team intervention and outcome, and factors that influence teamwork. Working in a team is multifaceted and complex. It is important to enhance awareness about factors that influence teamwork. The team process itself is also of great importance. Clinical implications for developing effective and efficient teamwork are also presented and discussed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Geriatric Assessment / methods
  • Health Services for the Aged*
  • Home Care Services
  • Humans
  • Independent Living*
  • Interprofessional Relations
  • Occupational Therapy*
  • Patient Care Planning
  • Patient Care Team*