Control of formaldehyde and TVOC emission from wood-based flooring composites at various manufacturing processes by surface finishing

J Hazard Mater. 2010 Apr 15;176(1-3):14-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.03.113. Epub 2009 Mar 31.


This paper assesses the reproducibility of testing formaldehyde and TVOC emission behavior from wood flooring composites bonded by urea-formaldehyde resin at various manufacturing steps for surface finishing materials. The surface adhesion step of laminate flooring for this research was divided into two steps; HDF only and HDF with LPMs. In the case of engineered flooring, the manufacturing steps were divided into three steps; plywood only, fancy veneer bonded on plywood and UV coated on fancy veneer with plywood. Formaldehyde and VOCs emission decreased at the process of final surface finishing materials; LPMs were applied on the surface of HDF for laminate flooring. Although emissions increased when fancy veneer was bonded onto plywood in the case of engineered flooring, emission was dramatically reduced up to similar level with plywood only when final surface finishing; UV-curable coating was applied on fancy veneer. This study suggests that formaldehyde and VOCs emission from floorings can be controlled at manufacturing steps for surface finishing.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Air Pollutants, Occupational / analysis*
  • Floors and Floorcoverings*
  • Formaldehyde / analysis*
  • Manufactured Materials / toxicity
  • Volatile Organic Compounds / analysis*
  • Wood


  • Air Pollutants, Occupational
  • Volatile Organic Compounds
  • Formaldehyde