Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) were prepared with potent camptothecin analogues attached to monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) via dipeptide or glucuronide-based linkers. Aniline-containing camptothecin analogues were employed to provide a site of linker attachment via carbamate bonds that would be stable in circulation. The camptothecin analogues, 7-butyl-10-amino-camptothecin and 7-butyl-9-amino-10,11-methylenedioxy-camptothecin, are generally 10-1000 times more potent than camptothecin. Dipeptide and glucuronide drug linkers were employed containing self-immolative spacers that release drug following lysosomal degradation upon ADC internalization into antigen-positive cell lines. The camptothecin drug linkers were conjugated to three antibodies: chimeric BR96, chimeric AC10, and humanized 1F6, which bind to the Lewis-Y antigen on carcinomas, CD30 on hematologic malignancies, and CD70 present on hematologic malignancies and renal cell carcinoma, respectively. ADCs bearing the potent camptothecin analogue, 7-butyl-9-amino-10,11-methylenedioxy-camptothecin, were highly potent and immunologically specific on a panel of cancer cell lines in vitro, and efficacious at well-tolerated doses in a renal cell carcinoma xenograft model.