Replication licensing and the DNA damage checkpoint

Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2009 Jun 1;14:5013-30. doi: 10.2741/3584.


Accurate and timely duplication of chromosomal DNA requires that replication be coordinated with processes that ensure genome integrity. Significant advances in determining how the earliest steps in DNA replication are affected by DNA damage have highlighted some of the mechanisms to establish that coordination. Recent insights have expanded the relationship between the ATM and ATR-dependent checkpoint pathways and the proteins that bind and function at replication origins. These findings suggest that checkpoints and replication are more intimately associated than previously appreciated, even in the absence of exogenous DNA damage. This review summarizes some of these developments.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle / genetics
  • Cell Cycle / physiology*
  • Cell Cycle Proteins / metabolism
  • Checkpoint Kinase 1
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases / metabolism
  • DNA Damage*
  • DNA Replication / genetics
  • DNA Replication / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Origin Recognition Complex / metabolism
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein Kinases / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription Factors / metabolism
  • Ubiquitination


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Origin Recognition Complex
  • Transcription Factors
  • Protein Kinases
  • Checkpoint Kinase 1
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases