Treatment strategies for pediatric idiopathic hypercalciuria

Front Biosci (Elite Ed). 2009 Jun 1;1:299-305.


Idiopathic hypercalciuria (IH) is a common metabolic disorder in children and is associated with the development of renal calculi, nephrocalcinosis, hematuria and osteopenia. The effect of various dietary modifications and available pharmacologic therapies on reducing urinary calcium excretion and/or urinary supersaturation is discussed in this article. The importance of a multidisciplinary approach involving the patient, their families, and health-care professionals is also addressed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Calcium, Dietary / therapeutic use
  • Child
  • Citric Acid / therapeutic use
  • Dietary Proteins / therapeutic use
  • Diphosphonates / therapeutic use
  • Fluid Therapy / methods*
  • Humans
  • Hypercalciuria / diet therapy*
  • Hypercalciuria / drug therapy*
  • Potassium, Dietary / therapeutic use
  • Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Sodium, Dietary / therapeutic use


  • Calcium, Dietary
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Diphosphonates
  • Potassium, Dietary
  • Sodium Chloride Symporter Inhibitors
  • Sodium, Dietary
  • Citric Acid