Autosomal recessive steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (NS) is a rare, genetically determined nephropathy caused mainly by a mutation in the NPHS2 gene. This type of NS is usually resistant to other immunosuppressive therapy as well, but a few cases of cyclosporine A-induced partial remission of inherited NS have been reported. We present a boy that developed NS at the age of 18 months. There was no decrease of proteinuria on standard prednisolone therapy, and a diagnosis of steroid-resistant NS was established. However, the proteinuria decreased significantly following the initiation of cyclosporine A therapy (from 1280 to 380 mg/m(2) per day) without any negative effects on renal function (stable glomerular filtration rate 130-150 ml/min per 1.73 m(2)). The molecular genetic test revealed a homozygous R138Q mutation in the NPHS2 gene. Our case demonstrates that cyclosporine A can induce partial remission in patients with genetic forms of NS without influencing the glomerular filtration rate. However, its long-term effect and safety in children with hereditary forms of nephrotic syndrome have yet to be investigated.