Childbearing and obesity in women: weight before, during, and after pregnancy

Obstet Gynecol Clin North Am. 2009 Jun;36(2):317-32, ix. doi: 10.1016/j.ogc.2009.04.001.


Weight gain and the development of obesity during midlife are strong independent predictors of cardiovascular disease, particularly among women, as well as the metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, and early mortality. Primiparity and maternal body size before pregnancy affect long-term postpartum weight retention and the development of obesity among women of reproductive age. As a modifiable risk factor, body weight during the preconception, prenatal, and postpartum periods may present critical windows to implement interventions to prevent weight retention and the development of overweight and obesity in women of childbearing age.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Maternal Welfare*
  • Obesity / complications
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Obesity / prevention & control*
  • Parity
  • Parturition / physiology*
  • Postpartum Period
  • Preconception Care
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / epidemiology
  • Pregnancy Complications / etiology
  • Pregnancy Complications / prevention & control*
  • Pregnancy Outcome