Altered expression of DACH1 and cyclin D1 in endometrial cancer

Cancer Biol Ther. 2009 Aug;8(16):1534-9. doi: 10.4161/cbt.8.16.8963. Epub 2009 Aug 8.


The altered expression of human DACH1, a Drosophila Dachshund homolog, has been associated with tumor progression and metastasis. DACH1 inhibits breast cancer cellular proliferation via cyclin D1. Endometrial cancer is the third most common cancer in women and broad screening for DACH1 expression will further our understanding of this disease. Herein, we screened 126 hysterectomy specimens for DACH1 expression and evaluated the correlation between DACH1 levels and several clinical parameters. Decreased DACH1 expression was significantly correlated with FIGO surgical stages (Stage I-II vs. stage III-IV, p = 0.017), peritoneal cytology (p = 0.044), lymph node positivity (p = 0.035) and histological type (p = 0.007), but not histological grade, depth of myometrial and patient age. Immunostaining was also conducted to examine the expression of cyclin D1, estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and progesterone receptor (PR) in these specimens. Multivariate analysis using the stepwise Cox proportional hazard model showed that FIGO surgical stage, histological grade, lymph node metastasis, and PR expression were correlated with poor survival. Despite the fact that univariate analysis demonstrated that DACH1 positivity is associated with increased 5-year survival in all patients (p = 0.037), decreased expression of DACH1 had no significant value as an independent prognostic factor in predicting survival in endometrial cancers. Our results suggested that loss of DACH1 expression might be involved in endometrial cancer progression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Animals
  • Cell Growth Processes / physiology
  • Cyclin D1 / biosynthesis*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Endometrial Neoplasms / pathology
  • Eye Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Mice
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Survival Rate
  • Transcription Factors / biosynthesis*


  • DACH1 protein, human
  • Eye Proteins
  • Transcription Factors
  • Cyclin D1