Testicular varicocele: an overview

Urol Int. 2009;82(4):373-9. doi: 10.1159/000218523. Epub 2009 Jun 8.


Testicular varicocele or varicocele is one of the common causes of scrotal swelling. It is predominantly found in the adolescent and young adult age group and it can adversely affect testicular function in a variety of ways. There is a considerable debate about the effects of varicoceles on future fertility, but the current evidence suggests that varicoceles are found in a higher percentage among males attending the infertility clinics and that treatment of varicoceles is associated with increased spontaneous conception rates among infertile couples. In this article we give an overall view on the aetiology, adverse effects and management of varicoceles.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Spermatozoa / physiology
  • Varicocele* / complications
  • Varicocele* / diagnosis
  • Varicocele* / therapy
  • Young Adult